World War I, often addressed as the Great War, lasted for four years from 1914 to 1918. The major participants in the war included the countries of central power and allied power. France was part of the allied forces. Moreover, the allies of France were Great Britain, Russia, and Serbia. While Germany, Ottoman, Austro-Hungarian, and Italy contribute towards forming the central power. There was a total of ten battles in the war, which destroyed several people. Here, some of the listed facts would help in understanding the role of French people in World War I.
Reason For World War I
The main reason for World War I was the assassination of Hungarian heir by Serbia. The people of both countries were profoundly affected due to this act. So, in June 1914, Hungarian declared war against Serbia. Germany highly supported the decision of war from the central power because people considered it powerful. However, Germans were unaware of the fact that Serbia would seek support from Russia, which was even more powerful. Eventually, Germany supported Hungarian and declared a war against allied power in August 1914.
Why France Entered The War?
France had a treaty of military support for Russia since the 1800s. So, when Germany declared war against allied powers, the French had to step-in to support Russia. However, Russia had the benefit of being powerful, so the Germans decided to attack France. The first battle took place in Belgium, and Germans invaded it. Moreover, while there were battles fought all around the world, people addressed the fighting in Europe as western battles. There were many defeats for both Germany and France until the British army entered to war to support France.
Germans prided themselves on being persuasive, and they realized in the first year of war itself that they would lose the war. However, they did their best for four years and gave mighty battles against France and Britain. However, Germany lost all their hopes when they saw the sufferings of civilians. The major pains included loss of men in the families, starvation, and diseases that broke out because of unstable conditions. Thus, in November 1918, Germany decided to surrender to the allied powers, and at the same time, France also agreed to surrender. A treaty of Versailles helped in creating peace between the central and allied power.
Losses Suffered In The War
France suffered a significant injury in terms of people and the economy. It lost about 8 million soldiers, and about 4 million men got injured or disabled. Moreover, with the deaths, the government had to deal with half a million widows and 1 million orphans. Furthermore, many properties in the country were either ruined or in need of financial support. So, the government had to bear the cost of developing the country once again, along with handling people.
Thus, the war caused significant ruins, and the ends result in the lead towards surrender. The four years were a nightmare for many French people who somehow managed to survive.