World War I, also is known as the Great War, is the most massive destruction in history. The initiation of the war began when the Serbians and other nationalists wanted to end the Austro-Hungarian rule. It followed the July crisis, which further leads to the European war. And when the answer given by Serbia was not satisfying, the Austro-Hungarians declared war. The battle involved a league of nations. Here is all about the concept you should know.
League Of Nations
The Austro-Hungarians allied with Germany, which was a powerful country during that time, along with the Ottoman Empire, and Bulgaria. On the other hand, Serbia allied with Russia, followed by Japan, Belgium, France, Great Britain, and other countries. They were called the allied powers, and the Austro-Hungarian and their allies were called the central authorities. These countries fought the war together for four long years. Both sides were powerful.
The allied powers had more strength in the number of militants fighting. While the central authorities were less in numbers, they were still more powerful. The losses and the casualties were high in the allied powers. Though they were more in number, they were not strong enough. Later the Russians lead by others decided to surrender on November 11, 1918.
League of Nations started in 1920 as an international organization to bring peace in the world. Many saw it as an opportunity to solve disputes amongst the countries at a global level. So the main objective of the League of Nations was to maintain peace. During World War 1, when Germany declared war on the Triple Entente, it had already violated the pacts made in the League of Nations. However, when it resorted to submarine warfare, it was the end of world peace. Thus, the then president of this league, Woodrow Wilson, was forced to lead the United States into World War 1.
The entire dynamics of the war changed after the US entered the war. However, the role of the League of Nations to maintain peace and harmony throughout the world had failed miserably. The league of Nations was later dissolved and was replaced by a new organization named United Nations Organization (UNO).
The primary reason for the failure of the League of Nations was the absence of military power. They did not issue a penalty for those who break the pacts. They did not bother about whoever misuses their position in the league. Many countries also lost their interest from the league after several petitions.
World War I brought about many changes in the countries during the war and after the war too. The country women started entering the workplace to support the men and also to replace the men who didn’t come back from the war. The effects of the war were long-lasting as it had a massive loss in millions. It is worth knowing all that caused a great battle so that we can avoid it further.