World War I, known as one of the most destructive and complicated wars of all time the world has experienced. The battle occurred between July 1914 and 11 November 1918. By the end of the war, it was estimated that over 17 million people lost their lives, and over 20 million people were either wounded or luckily missed the time of death. The causes of World War I are the topics for healthy debate today. Some of them are Mutual Defense Alliances, Imperialism, Militarism, Nationalism, and the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. Here is all about the triple alliance for you to know.
The Triple Alliance
Due to the threat of attack by any high power, an Alliance of three countries was made. They signed a treaty that stated that to provide mutual support in any such event. Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy were the participants of the Triple Alliance, which was formed on 20 May 1882 and renewed periodically until 1915 during World War I.
Since 1879, Germany and Austria-Hungary were dignified as friends of each other. Italy and Germany had a threat by France, so the treaty suggested that Germany and Austria-Hungary had to fight with Italy if France attacked Italy. In return, Italy would also help Germany in defeating France. Italy had excellent relations with Russia, so Italy promised to remain neutral during the war between Austria-Hungary and Russia, to save the connections.
The pressure was directly on the German chancellor Otto Bismarck to accept whatever principles were in the agreement. It was with Italy regarding the territorial changes happening in the Balkans. The same was happening in the sea regions in the Adriatic and Aegean. Both Italy and Austria Hungary found it challenging to solve a fundamental conflict of interest, especially in that particular region. After renewing the Alliance contract again in June 1902, Italy stabbed in Austria-Hungary’s back and secretly extended a similar guarantee to France.
There was no change by Austria-Hungary nor Italy for changing the existing state of affairs in the Balkans. Austria-Hungary realized that it was at war with the rival Triple Entente. It was an alliance of Russia, France, and Great Britain in August 1914. There was no support with them as Italy declared its neutrality and Germany had its issues, they felt they would lose the war. A parallel negotiation followed this event. Triple Alliance aimed to keep Italy neutral. The Triple Entente aimed to make Italy enter the conflict after the talks Triple Alliance lost. Italy declared war on Austria-Hungary, which was the most disturbing break for everyone.
In 1915, Italy signed the secret Treaty of London to join the side of the Triple Entente. Besides, it left the Triple Alliance as the terms in the treaty favored Italy. The terms also indicated that Italy will take control of territorial land. The place stretches from Trentino through the South Tyrol to Trieste as well as other areas along the border of Austria-Hungary and Italy. Also, it was a wish of Italy for many years.