Versailles Treaty And Its Effects On The World


Versailles Treaty And Its Effects On The World

World War I is one of the most important events that the world has faced so far. When WW I came to an end, the victorious powers imposed treaties of the defeated countries. Treaty of Versailles is one of the peace document that came into existence after WW I.

On June 28, 1919, allied countries and defeated forces signed on the Treaty of Versailles in Versailles. The sign on the Versailles Treaty was the signal that war is officially over now. The treaty found Germany as the responsible country for starting of World War I and the devastation due to this. Many scholars blamed this treaty for WW II. The terms of this treaty were shameful for Germany. Moreover, the Allied countries prepared the convention with almost no participation from Germany. Read on to know about the Versailles Treaty in detail. 

Versailles Treaty And Its Effects On The World
Versailles Treaty And Its Effects On The World

What Is The Versailles Treaty?

At the end of World War I, the Allies want to have a peace document to find out the responsible country for the war and to put some limitations on that country. In June 1919, the Versailles Treaty came in picture in Paris Peace Conference. The agreement came into implementation in January 1920.

Versailles Treaty And Its Effects On The World

The meaning of signing the treaty that 13 percent territory and 10 percent of the population of Germany will go under the ownership od other authorities. Along with this, the overseas colonies of Germany were also taken away from the country.

Based on the agreement, the military capabilities of Germany were brutally cut down. After the implementation of the agreement, the German Army can have an army of up to 100,000 men only. The country was forbidden to have an Air Force, and the German Navy was allowed to have under 10,000 tons of vessels. 

The neighboring countries of Germany got the ownership of a few of the territories of Germany. Rest few of its areas went under international supervision. When we discuss the treaty of Versailles, the topic of Article 231 comes by default as It was the most humiliating part of this treaty for Germany. Article 231 is more famous as ‘War Guilt Clause.’ According to this clause, Germany was the responsible country for the war and all the material damage. 

Versailles Treaty And Its Effects On The World
Versailles Treaty And Its Effects On The World

The dominance of national leaders of Britain, France, the United States, and Italy was visible on the treaty. The leaders of these countries, named David Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau, Woodrow Wilson, and Vittorio Orlando, played a significant role in this treaty. The Big Four didn’t let any allied power play a vital role in the compilation of the agreement.

How The Treaty Affected Germany

Many historians believe that the Treaty of Versailles was a dictated one, and it didn’t help the world as a peace document should do. It was an unfair punishment for the civilians of the defeated countries. The population of Germany, Hungry, Austria, and Bulgaria faced the consequences of the war initiated by the leaders.

The Conclusion  

Germans criticized the Treaty of Versailles as it has wracked the economy of the country. But, still, many historians believe that this treaty is the biggest reason behind WW II.

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